Published quarterly (Jan., April, July, Oct) by:Co-Z Development Corp.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Cozy builders will need newsletters #4 - #27, and a current subscription to the Cozy Newsletter. The earlier issues contain most of the design changes and corrections. Other issues contain building hints, builders' letters, safety recommendations, first flight reports, and other information helpful to builders. The newsletter is our principal means of builder support and communication. We also answer telephone calls whenever we are home, and personal letters, but please enclose a stamped, self addressed envelope if you desire a reply. We ran out of our first printing of Owner's Manuals, and had a few more printed. For those of you who have not yet purchased an Owner's Manual, they are priced at $15.
THE NEW YEAR
We wish to thank all of you who sent us cards at the holidays and regret that we could not respond to each individually. We hope all of you had a joyous Christmas and will be blessed with a happy and safe NEW YEAR.
Some plans have been changing hands recently and we wish to welcome our new builders. You will find composite construction easier to master than wood, aluminum, or tube and rag, and it affords more bodily protection, is more durable, and requires less maintenance than other types of construction. The canard configuration, with its anti-stall characteristic, affords a degree of safety not found in other configurations; and by building from basic materials, you will save many thousand dollars over the cost of premolded kits. We think that you made a wise choice in selecting the Cozy.
On ABC's American Agenda 12/18/89 they discussed the problem of aging commercial airliners. After some number of pressurization cycles, the metal fatigues and the risk of structural failure increases dramatically. Because of the increase in travel, these aircraft must be kept in service. It was stated that this problem will be with us for at least another decade, until the major manufacturers switch to composite construction! Thought you would like to know how far you are ahead of the aircraft industry!
WHAT WE HAVE BEEN DOING
After 16 years of aircraft building, we have been slowing down a bit. you might say we are in semi-retirement. We have become active in some non-aviation activities, like helping a new church to get started, and took several weeks vacation over the Thanksgiving holiday, to visit children, grandchildren, relatives and friends in the cold north country. Fortunately, we got back to Arizona before the really cold wave hit.
We also did a little work on our airplanes. It appeared that there was some aileron hinge wear on N22CZ, as evidenced by some looseness and gray stains on the ailerons, so we installed the teflon hinge pin kit (NL#24). Even though we haven't noticed any aileron vibration, we decided to add some additional lead tape to the leading edges of the ailerons and also to install the beefed-up belcranks CS 132 L-R (NL#25). We also discarded the Brock nosewheel and replaced it with an all-cast aluminum Cleveland wheel (see write up elsewhere in this newsletter). We installed mode-C (as required by Jan.1,1990), but don't have it working right yet. It tested OK on the ground, but on a test flight, Phoenix could not pick it up. Our radio shop says that this sometimes happens when everything is OK, and to give it another try before bringing it back to the shop. We also split the exhaust system (same as on the Mark IV), but did not notice the same increase in static rpm. This seems to agree with what others have found, that the O-235 does not benefit, at least as much, as higher hp engines from separating the exhausts.
It is really hard to give up composite construction. Since we now have a nice shop, but don't need another airplane, we decided to build a composite sailboat.
By the way, we should warn you that we will be gone on vacation from January 2lst to February 4th.
FAA REGULATIONS AND INSURANCE
The new FAA strict enforcement policy has received a lot of publicity. Many builders are not aware of how the FARs apply to the maintenance and/or modification of experimental aircraft, or how the failure to comply could not only result in severe penalties, but also void their insurance. Peter Friedan wrote a very informative article in Nov.89 Hot Kits & Homebuilts Magazine. He made these points:
In NL#27, we appealed to RAF, the EAA, and the FAA for specific information on the reliability of the Weatherhead fuel selector valve. As a result, Ben Owen of the EAA requested the Des Plaines office of the FAA to run a computer search on reported mal-function of fuel valves, and he sent us the computer print-out. We studied the data and learned the following:
Our conclusion after studying this data is that no selector valve is immune from mal-function. Knowing this, it is recommended that you check operation of your fuel selector valve on the ground before each flight, and any indication of binding should be cause for grounding the airplane until it is corrected. In the air, you should not run a tank dry, and you should program the switching of tanks when within gliding distance of an airport.
Engine cooling is an important subject because it affects the life and performance of your engine and also the performance of your aircraft. The volume of air going through the cowling determines the amount of cooling drag, so it is important to use the minimum amount of air for cooling, and to use it as efficiently as possible.
In full power operation at low altitudes, a rich mixture helps to cool the engine. In cruise, with a lean mixture, 1/3rd of the heat is dissipated by the oil, and 2/3rds of the heat by the cylinder fins. The optimum oil temperature is 180 deg. F and CHTs in the 350 to 400 range. Since higher hp engines generate more heat, those of you with 150 or 160 hp engines must be particularly conscientious about your engine installation.
The Cozy has what is called a pressure cowling. This means that the air velocity is converted to pressure inside the cowling, and it is this pressure which forces the air through the fins and oil cooler. Obviously, if you have cowling leaks or leaks in the baffling, there will be a pressure loss, and you will have a hot-running engine and a slow airplane.
BAFFLING - The object of baffling is to force the air to travel between the individual fins for the longest possible distance and to prevent it from going anywhere else. This is accomplished by wrapping the cylinder fins tightly for the entire circumference, except for a 2 to 2-1/2 in. opening at the bottom for air to enter, and a similar opening at the top for it to exit. The cylinder head fins can't be wrapped, but deflectors at the bottom and top can force the air to travel between the fins. Then, by blocking all other passages, you will have the highest possible pressure in the cowling and the highest possible air velocity between the individual fins and through the oil cooler. We have no problem with CHTs in either our 118 hp N22CZ or our 180 hp N44CZ.
OIL COOLING - If you have a tight cowling and good baffling, there should be no problem maintaining 180 deg oil temperature in summer with the cooler location shown in the plans. Our N22CZ runs at 160 deg. even with some of the cooler fins covered. In our N44CZ we evaluated firewall mounting of the cooler. It was a more difficult installation, but we still run at 180 deg. in cruise in summer, and summer in AZ is a severe test. In NL#23, we published Vance Atkinson's letter in which he described the modifications he made to his Cozy. Out of concern for your (and his) safety, we take exception to his suspending the oil cooler from the engine in the lower baffle, aft of the oil sump, for the following reasons:
Failure of a nosewheel or nosewheel tire, if it occurs on landing, is not a pleasant experience at best. We know one Cozy which had the hub break out of the Brock nosewheel, and several Long EZs. Sudden nosewheel flats seem to be too common. What is responsible?
It is necessary to restrict the swiveling of the nose wheel with a friction damper, to prevent shimmy at high speeds. But the recommended 2 lb. minimum break away force puts side loads on the nosewheel (a bending load) when steering during taxiing. If you look at the cross-section of the Brock nosewheel (shown below), you will observe that the hub is supported only in the center, and that the center flange is quite thin where it bolts to the rim. Repeated bending loads can cause it to break at that point.
You will also observe that the hole through the rim for the valve stem on the Brock wheel is off-center, and that there is an interference between the valve stem and the wheel which prevents the valve stem from seating in the hole. The result is a distortion of the tube which puts an additional stress on it.
You will observe that the Cleveland wheel (also shown) has much better hub support and a centered valve stem hole. The Cleveland wheel weighs and costs slightly more than the Brock wheel, but we considered the improved reliability to be worth the extra weight and cost. Cleveland wheels are available at Wicks and Aircraft Spruce. New builders can order the assembly less wheel from Brock, and purchase a Cleveland wheel separately.
The side load imposed on the nosewheel in taxiing also puts a side load on the nose gear strut and NG-6. In time, the side play increases. The amount of side play in the strut can be minimized by installing longer bushings in NG-6. Unfortunately, these are not a standard off-the-shelf item, but must be specially machined. We are inquiring whether Brock Mfg. would be interested in supplying these.
The reason for locating the landing light under the left front seat was not so we could have a fancy retraction mechanism, but rather so it could be adjusted from the cockpit, like a spotlight on a car. If you notice in Chap.17, p.9, there are two different positions, one for landing and the other for taxiing; in fact, there is a whole range of possible positions. The need for adjustability should be obvious. In flare, touch-down, and the first half of roll out, the nosewheel is off the ground and the airplane is in a nose-high attitude. The landing light needs to be directed about 15 degrees lower to see the runway, than when the airplane is taxiing with full weight on the nosewheel and the shock strut spring depressed.
The function of vortilons (NL#13) is to control air flow over the main wing at low speed and high angles of attack, to provide an extra margin of safety over main wing stall. They MUST be installed before first flight. They are attached to the wing with silicone cement AFTER the wings are painted. Obviously, if they are attached during construction before finishing, your ability to do a good job of finishing and painting would be seriously compromised. UNDER NO CIRCUMSTANCES should you cut slots in the leading edge of the wing to install vortilons without using flanges. You would be destroying structure!
One 4:1 RAE epoxy metering pump, $75. Contact Steve Sharp, 3110 Atoka Lane, Knoxville, TN 37917 (615) 828-5701 work, (615) 522-1745 home.
Want to let you know that we (and 89CZ) will be in Scottsdale Nov.19th to 22nd and we'd like to get together for dinner.
Since finishing the airplane in July there has been lots to do. We have managed to fly 80 hours since then including a trip to Washington state. Presently I'm building a Roncz canard, as I do have a trim change in the rain. The airplane is really great! Thanks!
Cozy #300 (5l85Q) is now flying. The first flight as 10/28/89, almost exactly 3 years from when I started construction. The plane is everything you said it was, plus some. It now has 16 hrs. and I might add trouble free hours. It has been tested to 220 mph. Empty wt. (full panel) is 911 lb. This has been the most rewarding experience of my life. I will always be grateful to you for designing a flying machine called "Cozy". Hope to see you at Sun & Fun 1990 as well as Oshkosh.
Serial # 509 statistics:
Ordered plans Oct.'87
Started building Dec.'87
First flight Nov.9,'89
Engine Lyc O-320
Empty wt. 956 lbs. everything (wheel pants, radios, etc.)
Note that I installed air scoops in the fairings above the strakes. On the left side I ran a 2-1/2 in. tubing to the oil cooler. Oil temp is 170 deg. at 80 deg. ambient. On the right side I ran a tubing to cool the accessory case and fuel pump. My hottest cylinder is #4 which runs 400 deg. or lower.
Editor: Excellent idea, Bill, to put a scoop in the upper left fairing and duct it to the oil cooler. Outside air runs 20 deg. cooler than air inside the cowling. Wish I had thought of this!
John Ashe reported his first flight on the phone New Year's Eve, and promised a letter and pictures shortly. He believes his carburetor is set too rich at full throttle and limits his power. Otherwise everything went very well.
N147CZ's first flight as with Norm Groom at the controls. He is a very experienced corporate pilot. His comment afterwards was "this is going to be fun." Oil temp went high (no oil cooler) so the flight was not very long.
I flew 147CZ the following weekend and it was everything I have heard about flying your own creation. I was concerned about whether I could handle it, but it was smooth as silk. N147CZ rotated at 50 kts and lifted off somewhere between 65 and 70. Hold the nose down till 90 kts and held a 90 kt climb at 1200-1300 fpm. Nose gear up and went to 3000 ft only to be put into a holding pattern as it was 6PM and all the corporate traffic was coming in.
So here I was in the pattern with Lears, Citations, King Airs, a Falcon, and two C130s on my very first flight. To say the last, I kept my eyes peeled. First landing was at dusk almost an hour later.
As you know, Nat, I am one of the youngest Cozy pilots at 32 and definitely the lowest time to solo a Cozy at 26 hours total time in my log book. But some good things have to come to an end. For insurance and technical FAA reasons I have hangared 147CZ till I get my private ticket sometime in Dec. One more note, it is a pure joy to fly as long as you keep your head clear and stay calm. I have 1.9 hours on it and done over 30 takeoffs and landings, one 70 deg. crosswind 17-20 kts, all very smooth.
I had the pleasure last weekend to meet Dennis Oelmann, his wife and daughter. Dennis gave me a ride. His Cozy is FANTASTIC, both the appearance and performance, I mean BEAUTIFUL! There is going to be tough competition for best Cozy for 1990. His Cozy really moves. I saw 165 kts indicated and we never leveled off. Always climbing and doing turns. Initial rate of climb was well over 2,000 fpm in choppy air.
Some numbers on N147CZ: Empty wt=1009 lb. with O-235 and heavy aircraft starter. ROC 1300 fpm. Cruise at 2500 rpm, 135 kts (no wheel pants). Landing roll--always make first turn off. 3000 hrs building time and $20,000 cost (worth every penny, too). Thanks for being so patient with me over the last four years. As I have been rewarded with the wildest and prettiest bird on the ramp around here.
Dear Nat & Shirley
Thought you might like a copy of this newspaper article on two flying Cozys. The local TV station is going to do something also.
Rex got his 20th hour this past weekend and I got a ride! It was great! He let me fly the Cozy in some turns and climb-outs, etc. What a great feeling after waiting for so long for this. I won't hesitate to learn to fly the Cozy. We are anxious to do some cross country flying.
Editor: The headline read, "The Right Stuff: Pilots Proud of Hand-constructed planes."
Sorry about my silence so long time. But now I am ready to take the bird up. Everything is done with the FAA. I just need the letter that says "go". The final weight is 927.5 lbs. and empty c.g. 110.9 with starter and battery in front. I have done high speed taxi tests up to 60 kts and the nose wants to lift. Everything looks OK but the Cozy wants to turn left when rolling along the runway. Think I have to align the nosewheel again, to 90 degrees.
Hello Nat and Shirley,
My Cozy is on the gear, wings with winglets attached, rudders and ailerons installed, wings drilled to centerspar, canard and elevators done. Unfortunately the plane is in the garage in St. Louis and I'm in Saudi Arabia, so not much is getting done.
I'm an FDA chemist, helping the Saudis to establish a pharmaceutical quality assurance program. It's a challenge, but going well. One problem is temperatures at the ports. The shipping containers are painted dark colors, so at this latitude you can imagine the inside heat. I wrote a report on this, recommended painting the containers white, then blew up a copy of the temp chart from the Cozy plans and included it. The idea was well received. You can bet few people had access to that source in this place!
Cozy 316 is making steady but slow progress. I'm just finishing Chap.18. It's a race with mother nature up here working in an unheated garage. My subassemblies were built in my heated basement shop and moved up to the garage for assembly.
I missed you on the flight line, but did get to talk to Walt and Helen Suminski before the rains came. My wife and I enjoyed the forum, especially the antics of the English flyer (John Stamper) and his grass strip flying. After hearing about the gear up landings, I plan to install a green down-and-locked light besides the warning horn.
It's hard to believe it is 3 years since I first started cutting foam. It has been a very enjoyable 3 years. Thanks for producing great plans and for an even greater airplane.
Thanks a lot,
I have been working on my project for 31 months now and can finally see the end in sight. I am currently finishing (underside is in primer) as well as completing the wiring and engine installation. Vance Atkinson dropped in last month for a visit and provided me with some pointers as well as encouragement. He thinks I will finish about March. I was hoping sooner, but he has built 2 more airplanes than I, so that is my revised target date.
How exciting to see the MK IV on the cover of the 1990 EAA calendar. What an honor!
Congratulations from the whole cadre of Cozy builders.
Does anyone have a set of O-320 baffle patterns they would be willing to loan? Sheet metal is not my strong suit.
Here's my check for two years of the Cozy Newsletter. Keep up the good work. Your hard work and dedication to a quality product are greatly appreciated.
Per our telecon, I've recently acquired a Cozy project begun by Richard Elliot.
As you know, getting the Cozy project is the fulfillment of a lifelong dream. When I was a kid, I wanted 2 things: a magic carpet, and a genie. Well, the magic carpet is now sitting in my garage awaiting a few finishing touches--like wings, engine, instruments, etc. But there is one slight hitch: apparently I'm the genie. I've got to make it happen.
If it is true, as you suspect, that I might be the first woman to build a Cozy, then I'm delighted. With the world watching, I have no choice but to succeed.
I've read through the first 6 chapters of the plans, and found them fairly easy to understand. I'm going to do the practice layups first, and after that, full speed ahead!
I finally started building my Cozy in Sept. Since then I have completed the bulkheads and on Sunday I laid up the fuselage sides. After having been a R/C modeler for several years, I find your plans easier to follow than a lot of R/C plans. My wife gave me a compliment (I think) the other day when, in reference to my building a Cozy, she said, "Kent, you're a driven man." I really enjoy building this plane. I don't know of any other Cozys in Houston, but if you do please let me know. Sometimes I need consultation.
Hi you two,
Hope you are both well. We are still on the Isle of Man and the Cozy is getting on fine. We are still using our Long EZ. Had quite a few good trips from the Island this year. Now looking forward to the completed Cozy.
Jan & David Machin
Dear Nat & Shirley,
My Cozy first flew on the 16th of May. I am a very low time pilot. If I hadn't had a check ride with Uli, the nosehigh attitude on takeoff and landing would have scared me witless. After my first landing, I was very pleased with myself--later I learned that firemen had been hiding in the woods close to the runway. I now have over 35 hrs in 47 different flights. My empty wt. is 940 lbs. with an O-235, starter, full IFR, and fire extinguisher. My max speed is 160 kts, before final paint and wheel pants. My Cozy looks rough. Don't know when I will finish paint, cause I'm having such fun. I did get fed up with people at Cranfield though. Many would ask how old it is. When I told them about a month, they would say, "Cor, I thought it was at least ten years old."
Cranfield tested me and the Cozy. There are so many planes in the pattern, and we were to maintain separation. I was terrified! The Cozy drifted around at 55 kts with the stick full aft. Without the safe handling of the Cozy, I probably would have gone back home.
I told you about the nosewheel incident. The sod field was bad and I landed nosewheel first. I had increased the angle of the nose strut. You told me this would punish the gear, and you are right. I have since shortened the main gear.
I landed in heavy rain with a lot of fuel and approached too slow and couldn't flare. The tower said, "I'll bet that shook your glasses," it did. Now I approach a little faster so I have nose up authority to flare.
I learned from a Long EZ pilot that if Cranfield is busy, call the tower and say, "Long EZ fast aircraft", and they will give you the alternate runway. It saves a lot of time, but remember, come in fast, and don't tell anyone.
Later--G-OGJS now has about 135 hrs on the Hobbs, and 115 in the log book, the difference being ground taxi. Also about 30 min. of gliding; 8 landings from 3,000 ft with engine off and prop stopped. Thought I should practice emergency landings. Let the engine cool at 1700 rpm before shutdown. I can land on the runway numbers each time on a 1700 m runway.
I am going to try to fit a 12 in. dia. nosewheel for landing on sod.
My canopy latch microswitch was faulty. I got in the bad habit of cancelling the warning horn. One day as I was gliding to a landing, it was telling me the gear wasn't down, and I cancelled it. No major damage. I was flying the next day.
I landed on John Whiting's 500 m grass strip last weekend. Got down OK; the new brakes work well! But takeoff was a different matter. I aborted the first time. I got out the second time but I won't do that again.
On one of my early flights, I took an experienced pilot along. He as 6ft.4in. and I removed the cushion. I took off and then let him fly. We were going to Shoreham, about 350 miles away. I took over to land, but the runway was short and I couldn't get it down (I still had low time). I asked him if he would like to try, but his legs are too long to work the pedals. He landed it, but at touch down I grabbed the controls and braked. It was his first ride in a homebuilt and he was amazed at the performance.
John Stomper (England)
Editor: Just a few excerpts from John's two, long letters. John is our good friend and was the most entertaining speaker at our Oshkosh forum.
Cozy 489 is making happy progress; it will be two years on Oct 15 since I received my plans. Fuselage is on the gear, centerspar complete, canard complete, control system in, and finishing the wings. In picture note diving weights holding down leading edge of wings during cure. Worked great.
Dear Nat & Shirley,
Really enjoyed meeting you both at Oshkosh this year. You did a wonderful job on your Mark IV. If I built another airplane, I could see doing a Mark IV.
I did the exhaust pipe modification you described. My static rpm did not change (O-320-E2C, 150 hp). It remains 2400 rpm, however my top speeds increased across the board by 4 kts. The climb performance feels better and appears to be better. It was a lot of work cutting the pipes. My welder didn't do as good a job as I hoped, but they are sealed - he used plenty of rod. The engine sounds just a little different, maybe smoother.
I also installed the Gardner breather into the exhaust system. I had an oil leaky engine. Before I was losing 1 qt. per 3-1/2 hrs. Now it's down to 1 qt./7 hrs. No more messy oil. The engine was not burning oil-just leaking it through the breather.
My flight back to Manassas after Oshkosh was non-stop. 3 hours 29 min. at average ground speed of 178 kts.
As Bill Overton mentioned, we had a Cozy picnic last Sept.10th. There are 8 Cozy builders in the D.C.area and many more interested. My Cozy is the only one flying. The rest are about 50% complete.
Al Yarmey is very close to being finished, but has to work so much he can't quite get it done.
Hope you both are fine
Hope everything is going well with you and Shirley. Here are some pictures to show where I am at. It's been 2 years in Oct. since I got plans. Finishing the airframe (body work) is hard work, but as you see, it really pays off. Hope to be ready to test fly in 1990. I think what helped me the most are other builders and your complete plans and newsletters.
Jeff Russell's Cozy. Isn't he doing nice work?
Bill Owen's Cozy before his first flight. Isn't it pretty! Nice work, Bill.
Steve Russell's BEAUTIFUL Cozy. Steve is a professional, and you can sure tell!
Mike Marshall in his new Cozy before his first flight. Looks very nice, Mike!
Another beautiful Cozy by Dave Mendenhall. This was taken just before his first flight.
Bill Owen's scoop in the upper fairing. What a good way to bring cold outside air to the oil cooler, located per plans. An excellent idea, Bill!
Dave Wilson's Cozy is coming along well.
Gary Riedel is making very good progress on Cozy Ser. #316.
Dennis Oelmann's very neat firewall. Dennis has a brand new engine.
Dennis Oelmann's heat shields protecting his gear legs. Very nice, Dennis!
Bill Petty suggests using a table saw with the blade set at an angle to cut uniformly tapered foam strips. Thanks, Bill.
Claude Bolomey's neat space saver panel, in Southern France.
Rune Rostrup ready to fly in Norway. Looks very pretty, Rune, and nice and light weight, too.
This newsletter transcribed to HTML by Gene Traas.